What is HRT Hormone Replacement Therapy

Hormone Replacement Therapy 


HRT stands for Hormone Replacement therapy.


At the age of 20, the production of hormones is at peak and the body performs well according to its need. The human body in early 20 operated like a well-oiled machine.


But with the passage of time the human body becomes less productive due to shortage or lower production of the hormone.


Hormone Replacement Therapy is all about maintaining and balancing the Hormone.


Nowadays Hormone Replacement Therapy for Men and Women are trending in the treatment of shortage of testosterone in male and the level of progesterone and testosterone in females respectively.


In Male, Hormone Replacement Therapy is used to maintain and control the level of Testosterone to boost up men’s health.


Testosterone hormone replacement therapy benefits:


Testosterone is the male hormone primarily produced in man’s testicles.


  • Increase sex drive
  • Fats distribution with more muscles
  • Strong bones with good deposition of Calcium
  • Increased Sperm production
  • Better Libido


Hormone Replacement therapy is also associated with the treatment of Female Menopause.


HRT is also known as menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) or postmenopausal hormone therapy (PHT, PMHT).


HRT was started in the 1940s but it became most effective and widely used in the 1960s.


HRT was a revolution in the management and treatment of Female menopause.



Reason of Menopause:


When women approach late 30, her ovaries start to make fewer amounts of Estrogen and progesterone hormones that are the reproductive hormones and regulate menstruation.


Menopause is not an illness but a transition.


During this transition, Estrogen and progesterone hormone level fluctuate greatly.


HRT is prescribed to treat those women who have symptoms of Menopause.


HRT for menopause contains both estrogen and progesterone.

Sometimes it contains just estrogen.


Symptoms of Menopause: 


Around menopause many female experience different symptoms like

  • Hot Flashes
  • Vaginal Dryness
  • Osteoporosis
  • Sleeping Problem leading to insomnia
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Skin Aging
  • Bone loss
  • Thinning hairs and hair loss
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Bone loss
  • Muscles mass deceased
  • Mood swing
  • Short term memory Issues
  • Genito-urinary problems


These Symptoms can start a year before a menstrual bleeding stop and can persist four years after the last bleeding/period.


The main Medicational hormones used in HRT for menopause symptoms are progesterone and Estrogen.


Progesterone is also a manufactured hormone used in the treatment of Menopausal hormone therapy.



Benefits of HRT:


HRT helps you got relief in vaginal issues like Thinning tissues and dryness.


  • Improvement in Mental Health
  • Lower the risk of Osteoporosis
  • HRT regulates and preserves BMD at skeletal sites and reduces the chances of fracture in the Vertebral column and non- vertebral column.
  • Decreased risk of colorectal cancer.
  • Improve Cardiovascular Health and reduce
  • HRT is better and effective treatment at reducing vasomotor symptoms
  • Improves moods and even show good result in depressive symptoms
  • HRT is effective in vaginal atrophy
  • Vaginal Symptoms are improved and
  • HRT is the first-line treatment against Osteoporosis
  • HRT has a proliferative effect on Urethral epithelium and bladder
  • Estrogen has a favorable effect on increasing the HDL cholesterol level and decreasing the LDL cholesterol level.
  • According to The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), HRT does not increase the risk of Heart disease under the age of 60 if a woman gets started with HRT.
  • HTR enhance mental health and Muscle mass maintenance and enhancement
  • HRT reduces the long term risk of Alzheimer’s disease.


Side Effects of Hormone Replacement Therapy?



Due to the high dose and inappropriate management of HRT leads to several problems.


Always choose best and experienced Obstetricians-gynaecologists for Hormone Replacement Therapy.


Main risks of HRT are:


  • Thromboembolic disease (venous thromboembolism (VTE)
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Stroke
  • Breast Cancer or Swelling
  • Bloating
  • Headaches
  • Mood Changes
  • Nausea
  • Vaginal Bleeding


You and your healthcare should balance the risk and benefits you have.


How to get started on HRT?


Consult from experienced GP (General practitioner) if you are interested in HRT.


You can start HRT as soon as you feel symptoms of menopause.


Your GP will explain the different types of available HRT and which one is suitable for you according to your needs.


Start with a low dose and after that, you can increase it.


It may take a few weeks to show its effect when you start treatment.


Who should not use HRT?


HRT will not be suitable if you:


  • Have a history of ovarian cancer, breast cancer, and womb cancer
  • Have a history of blood clots
  • Have a history of Malabsorption
  • Uncontrolled blood pressure (Hypertension)
  • Liver disease
  • Gallbladder disease


If you have some problems that are mentioned above, an alternative to HRT is recommended.


Does it cause weight gain?


Some women worry about HRT leading to weight gain, but still, there is no evidence to support this idea.


A healthy diet and plenty of exercises will help you to control your weight.










Types of Hormone Replacement Therapy Available:


There are more than 50 types of TRT available.


Different types provide different combinations and options according to symptoms.


Most common type are including:


  • Estrogen-only HRT Cyclical also known as sequential HRT
  • Continuous HRT
  • Local estrogen


Estrogen Therapy:


General practitioners or doctors suggest a low dose of estrogen for those women who have had a hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy.


The daily pills and patches are being used and it is popular.


In this case, progesterone is not required because it is used for the lining of the uterus.


Estrogen/Progesterone/Progestin Hormone Therapy:


This is known as combination therapy.


It combines doses of estrogen and progesterone, the synthetic form of progesterone is used in this type of Therapy.


A combination of Progesterone with estrogen lowers the risk of endometrial cancer.


It is used for those women who still have their uterus.









How to take HRT?


Doctors prescribed the lowest dose at the first stage for trial and error basis according to patient symptoms.

These are the way through which HRT can deliver


  • Skin Patches
  • Vaginal rings
  • Gels or creams
  • Tablets


When a patient has recovered and no need for HRT it depends on the Doctor that how he will gradually stop the HRT treatment.


Various lifestyle can help women to control and adjustment of menopause symptoms.


  • Avoid Spicy Food
  • Avoids smoking
  • No alcohols and caffeine
  • Used loose clothes
  • Control sleeping habits
  • Regular exercise and some stress reduction techniques like yoga, meditation.


HRT is a standard and less risky technique with some specific hormone and combination of hormones to maintain body functionality like it was in young age.


HRT can help to manage symptoms of menopause.

However, HRT is not for everyone.


Doctors and health care providers can briefly describe their pros and cons according to your symptoms.











These are the resources through which I have collect information. It’s up to you, you can publish these links/references on your website.





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